An analysis of the effect of global warming on the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes using a GCM with statistical refinement

A statistical intensity adjustment is utilized to extract information from tropical cyclone simulations in a 50 km resolution global model A simple adjustment based on the modeled and observed probability distribution of storm lifetime maximum wind speed allows the model to capture the differences between ob served intensity distributions in active/inactive year composites from the 1981-2008 period in the North Atlantic This intensity adjustment is then used to examine the atmospheric model s responses to different sea surface temperature anomalies generated by coupled models for the late twenty first century In the North Atlantic all simulations produce a reduction in the total number of cyclones but with large intermodel spread in the magnitude of the reduction The intensity response is positively correlated with changes in frequency across the ensemble However there is on average an increase in intensity in these simulations despite the mean reduction in frequency The authors argue that it is useful to decompose these intensity changes into two parts an increase in intensity that is intrinsic to the climate change experiments and a change in intensity positively correlated with frequency just as in the active/inactive historical composites By isolating the intrinsic component which is relatively independent of the details of the SST warming pattern an increase is found in storm lifetime maximum winds of 5-10 m s⁻¹ for storms with intensities of 30-60 m s⁻¹ by the end of the twenty first century The effects of change in frequency which are dependent on the details of the spatial structure of the warming must then be superimposed on this intrinsic change

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Author Zhao, Ming
Held, Isaac
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2010-12-01T00:00:00
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-08-18T18:10:53.006027
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:11535
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Zhao, Ming, Held, Isaac. (2010). An analysis of the effect of global warming on the intensity of Atlantic hurricanes using a GCM with statistical refinement. UCAR/NCAR - Library. http://n2t.net/ark:/85065/d73r0tfd. Accessed 23 June 2024.

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