Characterization of Uncertainty in Measurements of Wind from the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V Research Aircraft

This technical note presents an analysis of uncertainty for measurements of wind from the Gulfstream V research aircraft operated by the National Center for Atmospheric Research for the National Science Foundation. It begins with a description of the instruments used to make the needed measurements and the algorithms used for calculation of wind. Three systems are described, the primary system in depth, a new system based on a gust pod in lesser detail, and a laser air motion sensor still under development. In addition to specifying the characteristics of the component measurements and propagating their uncertainty to the final measurement of wind, the document presents detailed information on how the measurements are calibrated, processed to incorporate corrections, and checked with flight maneuvers. The results are presented in terms of standard uncertainties where possible, so if for example coverage intended to match 95% confidence intervals is desired the values quoted should be doubled. The net uncertainty in the standard measurement of vertical wind is 0.12 m/s, and a correction procedure for removing the Schuler oscillation in pitch is developed that with special processing can reduce this value. For the standard measurement of horizontal wind, the estimated standard uncertainty is about 0.4 m/s for each component of the vector wind. These estimates are supported by itemized lists of the sources of error and how the associated uncertainty has been measured. The report also suggests ways to improve the measurements, focused on the horizontal wind where the weakest measurement is that of heading.

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Author Cooper, William
Friesen, Richard
Hayman, Matthew
Jensen, Jorgen
Lenschow, Donald
Romashkin, Pavel
Schanot, Allen
Spuler, Scott
Stith, Jeffrey
Wolff, Cory
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2016-07-01T00:00:00
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Not Assigned
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-08-18T18:06:40.177283
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::technotes:540
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Cooper, William, Friesen, Richard, Hayman, Matthew, Jensen, Jorgen, Lenschow, Donald, Romashkin, Pavel, Schanot, Allen, Spuler, Scott, Stith, Jeffrey, Wolff, Cory. (2016). Characterization of Uncertainty in Measurements of Wind from the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V Research Aircraft. UCAR/NCAR - Library. http://n2t.net/ark:/85065/d7qr4zqr. Accessed 22 May 2024.

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