HIWIND observation of summer season polar cap thermospheric winds

HIWIND (High altitude Interferometer WIND experiment) is a balloon-borne Fabry Perot interferometer for daytime thermospheric wind observations. In this paper, we examine the summer polar cap thermospheric winds observed by HIWIND with the RISR-C (Resolute Incoherent Scatter Radar-Canada) observed ion drifts and electron densities. We also perform National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model simulations to compare with the HIWIND and RISR-C observations. The standard Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model underestimates the high-latitude electron density and overestimates the thermospheric winds. The discrepancies between modeled and observed meridional winds are large near midnight and noon. After increasing the energy flux in the polar cap drizzle, the simulated electron density is comparable with the RISR-C observations. However, large discrepancies with the HIWIND-observed thermospheric winds persist. The cause of the model versus observation discrepancy in winds is probably due to the processes outside the polar cap.

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Author Wu, Qian
Knipp, Delores
Liu, Jing
Wang, Wenbin
Varney, Roger
Gillies, Robert
Erickson, Phil
Greffen, Michael
Reimer, Ashton
Häggström, Ingemar
Jee, Geonhwa
Kwak, Young‐Sil
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2019-11-07T00:00:00
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Not Assigned
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-08-18T18:34:44.181679
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:25196
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Wu, Qian, Knipp, Delores, Liu, Jing, Wang, Wenbin, Varney, Roger, Gillies, Robert, Erickson, Phil, Greffen, Michael, Reimer, Ashton, Häggström, Ingemar, Jee, Geonhwa, Kwak, Young‐Sil. (2019). HIWIND observation of summer season polar cap thermospheric winds. UCAR/NCAR - Library. http://n2t.net/ark:/85065/d7hh6ppg. Accessed 26 September 2023.

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