Impacts of anthropogenic and natural sources on free tropospheric ozone over the Middle East

Significant progress has been made in identifying the influence of different processes and emissions on the summertime enhancements of free tropospheric ozone (O₃) at northern midlatitude regions. However, the exact contribution of regional emissions, chemical and transport processes to these summertime enhancements is still not well quantified. Here we focus on quantifying the influence of regional emissions on the summertime O₃ enhancements over the Middle East, using updated reactive nitrogen (NOx) emissions. We then use the adjoint of the GEOS-Chem model with these updated NOx emissions to show that the global total contribution of lightning NOx on middle free tropospheric O₃ over the Middle East is about 2 times larger than that from global anthropogenic sources. The summertime middle free tropospheric O₃ enhancement is primarily due to Asian NOx emissions, with approximately equivalent contributions from Asian anthropogenic activities and lightning. In the Middle Eastern lower free troposphere, lightning NOx from Europe and North America and anthropogenic NOx from Middle Eastern local emissions are the primary sources of O₃. This work highlights the critical role of lightning NOx on northern midlatitude free tropospheric O₃ and the important effect of the Asian summer monsoon on the export of Asian pollutants.

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Copyright 2016 Authors. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

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Author Jiang, Zhe
Miyazaki, Kazuyuki
Worden, John
Liu, Jane
Jones, Dylan
Henze, Daven
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2016-05-27T00:00:00
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-04-14T21:19:30.515743
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:18587
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Jiang, Zhe, Miyazaki, Kazuyuki, Worden, John, Liu, Jane, Jones, Dylan, Henze, Daven. (2016). Impacts of anthropogenic and natural sources on free tropospheric ozone over the Middle East. UCAR/NCAR - Library. Accessed 03 June 2023.

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