International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPDv2)

The International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPD; Cram et al. 2015) [] is the world's largest collection of pressure observations. It has been gathered through international cooperation with data recovery facilitated by the ACRE Initiative and the other contributing organizations and assembled under the auspices of the GCOS Working Group on Surface Pressure and the WCRP/GCOS Working Group on Observational Data Sets for Reanalysis by NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL), NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and the Climate Diagnostics Center (CDC) of the University of Colorado's Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES). The ISPDv2 consists of three components: station, marine, and tropical cyclone best track pressure observations. The station component is a blend of many national and international collections.

NOTE: A newer version of this dataset, the International Surface Pressure Databank version 3, is available in RDA dataset ds132.1 []. Users are recommended to access this updated dataset.

The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center [] and of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility [] at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which are supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 and Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725, respectively.

To Access Resource:

Questions? Email Resource Support Contact:

  • Thomas Cram
    UCAR/NCAR - Research Data Archive

Temporal Range

  • Begin:  1768-01-01
    End:  2012-12-31


Resource Type dataset
Temporal Range Begin 1768-01-01
Temporal Range End 2012-12-31
Temporal Resolution N/A
Bounding Box North Lat 90
Bounding Box South Lat -90
Bounding Box West Long -180
Bounding Box East Long 180
Spatial Representation N/A
Spatial Resolution N/A
Related Links

Related Resource #1 : The International Surface Pressure Databank: Reanalysis Intercomparison and Observations

Related Resource #2 : Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth

Related Resource #3 : NOAA ESRL 20th Century Reanalysis Homepage

Related Resource #4 : Maps displaying the locations of ISPD observations in a selected year

Related Resource #5 : 20th Century Reanalysis status mailing list (Reanalysis-20cr-notify)

Related Resource #6 : ISPD v2.2 archive at ECMWF

Additional Information N/A
Resource Format HDF5
Standardized Resource Format HDF
Asset Size 573550 MB
Legal Constraints

Papers are requested to include the following text in their acknowledgements:

Support for the International Surface Pressure Databank is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (DOE INCITE) program, and Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), and by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office.

Access Constraints Registration on the RDA web site is a requirement for access to the data.
Software Implementation Language N/A

Resource Support Name Thomas Cram
Resource Support Email
Resource Support Organization UCAR/NCAR - Research Data Archive
Distributor NCAR Research Data Archive
Metadata Contact Name N/A
Metadata Contact Email
Metadata Contact Organization NCAR Research Data Archive

Author Compo, G. P.
Whitaker, J. S.
Sardeshmukh, P. D.
Matsui, N.
Allan, R. J.
Yin, X.
Gleason, B. E.
Vose, R. S.
Rutledge, G.
Bessemoulin, P.
Bronnimann, S.
Brunet, M.
Crouthamel, R. I.
Grant, A. N.
Groisman, P. Y.
Jones, P. D.
Kruk, M. C.
Kruger, A. C.
Marshall, G. J.
Maugeri, M.
Mok, H. Y.
Nordli, O.
Ross, T. F.
Trigo, R. M.
Wang, X. L.
Woodruff, S. D.
Worley, S. J.
Publisher Research Data Archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory
Publication Date 2010-08-19
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Alternate Identifier ds132.0
Resource Version N/A
Topic Category climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Progress completed
Metadata Date 2023-08-13T16:05:03-07:00
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.rda::ds132.0
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Compo, G. P., Whitaker, J. S., Sardeshmukh, P. D., Matsui, N., Allan, R. J., Yin, X., Gleason, B. E., Vose, R. S., Rutledge, G., Bessemoulin, P., Bronnimann, S., Brunet, M., Crouthamel, R. I., Grant, A. N., Groisman, P. Y., Jones, P. D., Kruk, M. C., Kruger, A. C., Marshall, G. J., Maugeri, M., Mok, H. Y., Nordli, O., Ross, T. F., Trigo, R. M., Wang, X. L., Woodruff, S. D., Worley, S. J.. (2010). International Surface Pressure Databank (ISPDv2). Research Data Archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory. Accessed 04 December 2023.

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