Momentum balance and gravity wave forcing in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere

Gravity wave forcing (GWF), which is the primary driver of the mesospheric and lower thermospheric (MLT) circulation, is difficult to measure directly. In this work, the zonal mean GWF at extratropical MLT is deduced from measured winds using momentum balance. With the GWF dominating in the MLT, the zonally averaged zonal momentum equation can be simplified to a balance relation between the GWF and the Coriolis force in the extratropics. The meridional advection of zonal momentum makes a higher order contribution to the momentum balance, especially at places where the GWF maximizes. This method is tested with WACCM3 model and preliminary results are obtained from wind measurements by CSU Na lidar and TIMED/TIDI.

To Access Resource:

Questions? Email Resource Support Contact:

    UCAR/NCAR - Library

Resource Type publication
Temporal Range Begin N/A
Temporal Range End N/A
Temporal Resolution N/A
Bounding Box North Lat N/A
Bounding Box South Lat N/A
Bounding Box West Long N/A
Bounding Box East Long N/A
Spatial Representation N/A
Spatial Resolution N/A
Related Links N/A
Additional Information N/A
Resource Format PDF
Standardized Resource Format PDF
Asset Size N/A
Legal Constraints

Copyright 2009 American Geophysical Union.

Access Constraints None
Software Implementation Language N/A

Resource Support Name N/A
Resource Support Email
Resource Support Organization UCAR/NCAR - Library
Distributor N/A
Metadata Contact Name N/A
Metadata Contact Email
Metadata Contact Organization UCAR/NCAR - Library

Author Liu, Han-Li
Marsh, Daniel
She, C.-Y
Wu, Qian
Xu, J.
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2009-04-08T00:00:00
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Not Assigned
Alternate Identifier N/A
Resource Version N/A
Topic Category geoscientificInformation
Progress N/A
Metadata Date 2023-04-14T21:16:53.774793
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:15489
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Liu, Han-Li, Marsh, Daniel, She, C.-Y, Wu, Qian, Xu, J.. (2009). Momentum balance and gravity wave forcing in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. UCAR/NCAR - Library. Accessed 03 June 2023.

Harvest Source