Ozone export from East Asia: The role of PAN

Peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) is an important ozone (O3) precursor. The lifetime of PAN is approximately 1 month in the free troposphere, and this allows O3 production to occur in pollution plumes at intercontinental distances from its source. In this study we use the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS)-Chem global chemical transport model, new satellite measurements of PAN from the Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), and data from the Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARCTAS) field campaign over North America, to study the role of natural and anthropogenic Asian emissions on free tropospheric (900-400 hPa) PAN distributions and subsequent O₃ production. Using the ARCTAS data with GEOS-Chem, we show that while GEOS-Chem is unbiased with respect to the aircraft data, TES version 7 PAN data are biased high for regions with surface temperatures colder than 285 K. However, GEOS-Chem and TES measurements provide a consistent representation (within 15% difference) of PAN abundance over East Asia. Because of the good agreement between model and observations, we use the GEOS-Chem model to evaluate the sources of PAN precursors and the effect of free tropospheric PAN on the export of O3 from Asia to North America. The GEOS-Chem model results show that the largest contributors to free tropospheric PAN over Asia and the northern Pacific are anthropogenic and soil NOx emissions. Biomass burning emissions have important contributions to free tropospheric PAN over northern Pacific (25% in April), while the contribution from lightning over northern Pacific is significant in July (40%). Strong springtime transport in April results in more export of free tropospheric PAN and O₃ from East Asian emissions. This free tropospheric PAN contributes about 35% to the abundance of free tropospheric O₃ over western North America in spring and 25% in summer.

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Copyright 2016 American Geophysical Union.

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Author Jiang, Zhe
Worden, John
Payne, Vivienne
Zhu, Liye
Fischer, Emily
Walker, Thomas
Jones, Dylan
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2016-06-16T00:00:00
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-04-14T21:15:31.340520
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:18678
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Jiang, Zhe, Worden, John, Payne, Vivienne, Zhu, Liye, Fischer, Emily, Walker, Thomas, Jones, Dylan. (2016). Ozone export from East Asia: The role of PAN. UCAR/NCAR - Library. http://n2t.net/ark:/85065/d75m67c0. Accessed 28 May 2023.

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