The correlation between electron temperature and density in the topside ionosphere during 2006-2009

Detection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regions satellite data have been used to investigate the global relationship between electron density (Ne) and electron temperature (Te) in the topside ionosphere (~680‚ÄČkm) from 2006 to 2009. Te and Ne were negatively correlated in most of the low and middle latitude regions at ~10:30 solar local time (LT). In these regions, photoelectron heating of the electrons was balanced by cooling through collisions with the ions. The negative correlation became weaker at midlatitudes, due to the increasing influence of heat conduction. The correlation was negative in most seasons during the daytime except at high latitudes in the northern winter, where a positive correlation occurred. There were wave-like longitudinal structures in Ne and Te around the geomagnetic equator, but they had different patterns in the day and the night. However, no obvious longitudinal variations in the correlation were associated with these structures. A positive correlation occurred near the magnetic equator at ~22:30 LT, which depended on thermal equilibrium between the electrons, ions, and neutrals. A negative correlation occurred at midlatitudes. Around the September equinox, at night around the magnetic equator, the positive correlation had a wider latitudinal range. At midlatitudes, a negative correlation occurred in smaller areas than it did around the March equinox. Around the December solstice the direct nighttime coupling between Ne and Te was weaker than it was around the June solstice. The negative correlation depends on the collisions between the electrons and the ions and the heating source.

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Author Su, Fanfan
Wang, Wenbin
Burns, Alan
Yue, Xinan
Zhu, Fuying
Publisher UCAR/NCAR - Library
Publication Date 2015-12-01T00:00:00
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Topic Category geoscientificInformation
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Metadata Date 2023-04-14T21:29:44.215126
Metadata Record Identifier edu.ucar.opensky::articles:18036
Metadata Language eng; USA
Suggested Citation Su, Fanfan, Wang, Wenbin, Burns, Alan, Yue, Xinan, Zhu, Fuying. (2015). The correlation between electron temperature and density in the topside ionosphere during 2006-2009. UCAR/NCAR - Library. Accessed 03 June 2023.

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